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By Massimo L. (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

100 g contains about

53.2mg Vitamin C (80mg=recommended daily=64%)
9.35g Sugar

Oranges grow on trees, 3 up to 10 meter high. Citrus sinensis is the name of the tree that is an evergreen with little white flowers. In Europe the tree blooms from February till June.

In German the "Orange" is also called "Apfelsine".

Oranges get their nice color from cold nights and the more the temperatures deviate the more the oranges develop orange to red. If there ain't any cold nights during their growing period they remain green, which doesn t effect their taste, since they still are sweet, but because customers think that they are not ready then, industries use Ethylene gas to turn green skin orange, this process is known as "degreening", "gassing", "sweating" or "curing".

It takes oranges 7 to 8 month to mellow, that is mostly the time between September till March. But once they are ready it is not necessary to harvest them immediately. The season can be extended by leaving the fruits on the tree, so to say store them in their natural position.

Family Rutaceae
"Familie der Rautengewächse"

The orange has her origins in China (there they were already cultivated as far back as 2500BC) or south-east Asia.

The bitter Orange was found in Italy already in the 11th century, while the sweet orange came to Europe in the 15th century, where at first she was mainly grown in Portugal. The Spanish introduced the sweet orange to the American continent in the mid-1500s.

In 2010, 68.3 million tonnes of oranges were grown worldwide, particularly in Brazil and in the US states of California and Florida, followed by India, China, Mexico and Spain.

NATUROPATHY
Good against anorexia, nervousness, digestion problems adn spring fever.

The paring is used to extract esstial oil that has calming effect, also used as bath essence or massage oil. The paring and flowers also can be used to brew tea.

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